This prospective longitudinal study examined the early course of traumatic stress responses in recently trauma-exposed youth, evaluated the revised DSM-5 acute stress disorder (ASD) and PTSD diagnoses and alternative diagnoses, and identified risk factors for persistent traumatic stress. Participants were 8- to 17-year-old emergency departments attendees exposed to single incident traumas, and assessed at 3 time points.
University of East Anglia
Child age 8 - 17 years attended ED after injury / trauma
- inability to speak English
- mental retardation
- attendance resulting from deliberate self-harm
- being under the care of social services or a child protection issue was related to the presentation
- moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (i.e., posttraumatic amnesia ≥24 hr).
UK Medical Research Council
Child exposed to an index potentially traumatic event